Proportion of Refractive Errors in Patients with Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis.

Tazeen Tahir, Asad Aslam Khan


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the proportion of refractive errors in patients having vernal keratoconjunctivitis and also to investigate the type of refractive error more commonly associated with vernal keratoconjunctivitis. Method: Fifty subjects with vernal keratoconjunctivitis were selected and cycloplegic refraction was performed in all of them. Results: Eighty percent of all the vernal keratoconjunctivitis patients had refractive errors of which 25% were myopic, 55% were astigmatic, and 20% were hyperopic. Conclusion: Refractive errors were seen in 80% of the patients. This shows that vernal keratoconjunctivitis might be associated with the development of refractive errors but this has to be investigated in longitudinal studies.

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